Development Resources

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Coaching Tips

  • Map Photo Notes (thanks to Adrian Uppill, right)
  • How to Orienteer
  • Safe sport with Smartplay

How to Orienteer

The following resources are designed to assist newcomers and new members understand the map, an essential component to orienteering. States, clubs and members are encouraged to use these pages to assist in new particpants learning and enjoyment of the sport.

*Please note*: This material has been written and compiled by David Colls (ex-Australain Junior team member) and has been generously made available to Orienteering Australia. It is ONLY to be used or distributed by Orienteering Australia members for the purpose of assisting novice orienteers and new members. Educational, government and corporate institutions should consult with Orienteering Australia for terms of use. Use of this material for any other purpose should only be undertaken after consulting the author and purchasing the material through Orienteering Australia 


  1. About the Coaching Tips
    Orienteering map training - About 
  2. Contents Page
    Orienteering map training - Contents 
  3. How to use Guide
    Orienteering map training - How to Use Guide
  4. Contours
    An Introduction to Contours.
    Orienteering map training - Introduction to Contours
  5. Orientating the Map
    Using the compass to align the map with the ground.
    Orienteering map training - Using the Compass
  6. Man-Made Linear Features
    Recognising roads, paths, fences, and similar features.
    Orienteering map training - Man-made Features A
  7. Introduction to Vegetation
    Interpreting vegetation of different thicknesses.
    Orienteering map training - Vegetation A
  8. Naming Contour Features
    Putting names to landforms depicted with contours.
    Orienteering map training - Naming Contours
  9. Water Features
    Recognising streams, marshes and similar features.
    Orienteering map training - Water Features
  10. Rock On!
    Identifying rock features such as boulders and cliffs.
    Orienteering map training - Rock
  11. Earthworks
    Interpreting excavated features such as ditches.
    Orienteering map training - Earth Features
  12. More Man-Made Features
    Recognising features such as buildings and structures.
    Orienteering map training - Man-made Features B
  13. Variations on Vegetation
    Understanding variants of vegetation symbols.
    Orienteering map training - Vegetation B
  14. Contours #2
    Interpreting contours at an advanced level.
    Orienteering map training - Advanced Contours
  15. On Course
    Following the course on the map.
    Orienteering map training - Following the Course on the Map

 COPYRIGHT STATEMENT: This work is copyright. David Colls, as the author of the work, is the owner of all intellectual property rights, including copyright, and all proprietary rights in all the information displayed on these pages. You may copy or reproduce that information, in an unaltered form, for personal use only. You may not use that information for any other purpose unless you have obtained the prior written consent of the author.

Safe Sport with Smartplay

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